Indoor bonsai are quite whimsical plants and if you want to grow bonsai like you saw them in beautiful pictures and to ensure that the plants are healthy and strong, you will need to spend some amount of time and your own strengths. Improper maintenance can destroy plants very quickly and therefore it is worth learning a few rules of care.
Let’s try to consider the main criteria and adopt them, so that after a while the plant does not become a standard flower on the windowsill, but remains a true bonsai, a miniature miracle, which is nice to look at at any time.
Bonsai Care (video)
Light mode for bonsai
The daylight hours in our countries are slightly different from the daylight hours in the subtropics and tropics, and therefore plants may be deficient in light. When placing a bonsai indoors, these and the following factors should be considered:
- the location of the plant in the room;
- distance from a source of sunlight - placement on a windowsill, stool, coffee table, stand, etc .;
- Correct definition and placement on the side (North, South, East, West);
- the angle of sunlight falling on the plant;
- obstacles to sunlight - trees outside the window, buildings.
It is important to provide bonsai with constant consumption of sunlight, this will only benefit. You should remember such moments as the angle of incidence of light on the plant. Bonsai will grow more intensively and gain strength faster if the plant is located on the right side of the window on the west, but go on the left, on the east. To allow light to fall on the plant, it is also necessary to monitor the curtains, move them away or raise them in time.
In any case, whatever you take, the plant will experience some lack of light, this is due to its geographical location. Therefore, it will be necessary to compensate for this drawback using artificial lighting. We do not recommend using these “tricks” year-round, this can have a negative effect on the plant, but in cloudy weather, in the late fall or winter, such lighting is simply necessary. It is possible to use halogen lamps, mercury, fluorescent fluorescent lamps. Do not use standard incandescent lamps, they do not illuminate enough, but at the same time they have a destructive effect by heat rays. Most suitable for artificial lighting bonsai fluorescent lamp. It is quite convenient to use and has a good efficiency. Buying this lamp will not be difficult.
In addition to the fact that many beginners do not know how to care for a bonsai, they still don’t know what humidity should be in the room. But we are here just for this and we will tell everyone what and how. As a rule, in urban areas the humidity is insufficient and it is necessary to try to level it to the required level. This can be done with a humidifier. The device is quite effective, but a high-quality one costs a lot, and a cheap one cannot do the required work well enough, so here it’s only at your own peril and risk ... An easier way is to install the bonsai in a small vessel that is filled with water, such as a deep spreader or a small basin . Thus, the evaporated water from the tank will supply air higher, and therefore bonsai, moisture. The effect can be increased if this capacity is installed above the heating system, then the evaporation will be a little more intense.
Also, in the simplest and cheapest way, you can choose the direct spraying with water, but this procedure gives a short-term result, so you will have to repeat it often. It is advisable to spray plants in the morning, so that it dries out until the evening.
How to grow a bonsai tree (video)
For each plant, an important enough criterion for proper maintenance is temperature. Some plants like a cooler habitat, while others reach for the sun and heat. So, subtropical types of bonsai, such as pomegranate, olive, rosemary, myrtle, in winter contain at temperatures from +7 to +15 degrees Celsius, in the summer it is recommended to keep bonsai in the open air, for example, on a terrace or balcony. Tropical species of bonsai, at one time, prefer temperatures from +16 to +25 degrees Celsius, all year round. Data plants are not advised to be installed on cold surfaces, stone or concrete. The consumption of light, water and nutrients depends on the temperature of the content of the plant.
Bonsai master class (video)
How to water a bonsai
Every person who decides to plant such fastidious plants in their home should know how to care for a bonsai tree. This rulebook also includes a small item, which is called very simply - watering. A lot depends on watering.
So, let's start with the fact that the soil in the pot should always be moist, that is, not wet and not over-dried, namely moist. From this it follows that watering should be moderate, but constant. If the soil in the pot is heavily compacted and the water does not reach the bottom, then watering must be repeated, since the water must moisten the entire earth. In the summer, a bonsai requires a little more moisture, since all vital processes, in this period, are accelerated. The best water for irrigation bonsai is considered to melt water. You can use ordinary water, but it should be kept for several hours before watering. At this time, everything superfluous will settle and the water will acquire room temperature.
I would like to note that these criteria and recommendations are general and can be greatly changed in relation to one or another individual plant. You cannot apply all the rules in the same way for all plants, and if you have any questions, you need to ask them. Only in this case, if a correctly asked question “how to care for a bonsai flower” or “how to care for a ficus bonsai” will be given a qualified answer, your plant will get a chance to live a long and healthy life.